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Mary Carpenter (1840-1929)

Page history last edited by Jon 3 years, 11 months ago

Daughter of James Carpenter and Mary Carpenter (née Dyckhoff).


Born on 19th January 1840 in St Pancras, London[1].


Christened on 9th February 1840 at the Old Church, Saint Pancras, London[2].


1841: Park Street, St Pancras, London[3].[]

On the night of 6th June 1841 Mary (1) was living with her parents James (30) and Mary (30) and her siblings: James (8) and Emily (5).


1851: 20 Pratt Street, Camden Town, St Pancras, London - Scholar[4].

On the night of 30th March 1851 Mary (11) was living with her parents James (44) and Mary (41) and her siblings: James (18), a cow keeper; Emily (15), a servant-general; Henry (6), a scholar; and Walter (4), a scholar. All the children were shown as having been born in St. Pancras, with the exception of James who was born in St. Giles. Sarah Frost (18), a servant from Deptford, was recorded as a visitor to the house.


Mary Carpenter married Henry Bales in 1858[5].


1861: 23a Middlesex Street, Somers Town, St Pancras - Brush Drawer[6]

On the night of 7th April 1861 Mary Bales (27) was living with her husband Henry Bales (27), a saw dust contractor, and their son Henry George Bales (1). The entire family were shown as being born in St Pancras. The Bales were one of five households at this address which meant that a total of 17 individuals were living in this property.


1871: 5 York Terrace, Wimbledon, London - Milliner and Dress Maker[7].

On the night of 2nd April 1871 Mary Dyckhoff (31) was living with her mother, Mary Carpenter[8] (62), a nurse, and her children Henry G. Dyckhoff (11) and James W. Dyckhoff (9). It is not clear why Mary has switched to using her mother's maiden name of Dyckhoff.


Mary's husband, Henry Bales (37), a saw dust dealer[9], was living alone at 1a Hampden Street, Somers Town, St Pancras on the night of 2nd April 1871.


Mary Dyckhoff married Joshua Oakley in 1873[10].


1881: 172 Compton Buildings, Clerkenwell, London - Dress Maker[11].

On the night of 3rd April 1881 Mary Oakley (41) was living with her husband Josiah Oakley[12] (49), who was on an army pension[13]; their daughter Mary Oakley[14] (5), a scholar; their son Francis Oakley[15] (2); and Mary's son James W. Bales[16] (19), a printer.


1891: 11 Liverpool Street, Islington, London - Dress Mantle Maker[17]]

On the night of 5th of April 1891 Mary Oakley (51), a widow, was living with her children Mary Oakley (15), a dress machinist; and Francis Oakley (12), a scholar. Mary's cousin, Robert Carpenter (38), a porter, was also living with the family.


1901: 122 Guinness Trust Buildings[18], New Bride Street, Wood Quay, Dublin, Ireland[19] - Dressmaker[20].

On the night of the 1901 census Mary Oakley (61, widow) was living with her daughter Mary Oakley (25, dressmaker), her cousin Robert Carpenter (50, an unemployed kitchen porter) and her niece Amelia Carpenter (1). The three adults were born in London and belonged to the Church of Ireland (St Werburgh). Amelia Carpenter was the daughter of Walter Carpenter and was actually Mary's great-niece. Unlike the other members of the household Amelia was a Roman Catholic (St Michael).


1911: 27 Kingsland Parade (East Side), Fitzwillliam Ward, Dublin, Ireland[21]

On the night of the 1911 census Mary Oakley (71, widow) was living with her daughter, Mary Flynn (35, a maker of underclothing) and son-in-law, John Flynn (27, a chauffeur mechanic)[. Mary's cousin Robert Carpenter (59), a chef, was also living with the family.


Mary Oakley died in the last quarter of 1929[22].







  1. IGI. Parish registers not yet checked to confirm details. The date, location and names of parents correspond with the information given in the 1851 census.
  2. IGI. Parish registers not yet checked to confirm details.
  3. 1841 Census - HO 107/684/8 Page 30-31.
  4. 1851 Census.
  5. GRO Index Reference: Oct-Dec 1858; Pancras; Vol 1b; Page 253. Certificate not obtained.
  6. 1861 Census - RG 9/112 Folio 65 Page 35. It is difficult to read Mary's occupation - the first word is definetly Brush whilst the second word begins with D and ends in er.
  7. 1871 Census - RG 10/857 Folio 64 Page 55.
  8. Mary Carpenter's birthplace is recorded as Isleworth which is consistent with the location given in earlier census entries.
  9. A saw dust dealer would buy and sell saw dust.
  10. GRO Index Reference: Apr-Jun 1873; Holborn; Volume 1b; Page 1069.
  11. RG11/0346 Folio 99 Page 22
  12. The schedule records that Josiah was born in St Pancras, Middlesex.
  13. Josiah's occupation is listed as 'army pension'.
  14. The schedule shows that Mary was born in St Lukes, Middlesex.
  15. The schedule shows that Francis was born in Clerkenwell, Middlesex.
  16. The schedule shows that James W. Bales was Josiah's step son and that he had been born in St. Pancras, Middlesex.
  17. 1891 Census - RG 12/151 Folio ? Page 28.
  18. The Guinness Trust was founded in 1890 by Edward Guinness, 1st Earl of Iveagh, to help provide improved housing for the working classes. At this time Dublin had extensive slums and the poorest living conditions of any city in the UK.
  19. The address given on the Household Return (Form A) was given as '122 Guinness Buildings, Wood Quay, Dublin' but the House and Building Return (Form B1) gives the fuller address of '122 Guinness Trust Buildings, New Bride Street, Wood Quay, Dublin'. Form B1 shows that the property was classed as a third class property and had 2 rooms.
  20. 1901 Census, National Archives of Ireland - http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Dublin/Wood_Quay/Guinness_Trust_Buildings/1346933/
  21. 1911 Census, National Archives of Ireland - http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Dublin/Fitzwilliam/Kingsland_Parade_East_Side_/78505/. All members of the household were shown as belonging to the Church of Ireland. John Flynn was born in Dublin City but Mary Oakley, Mary Flynn and Robert Carpenter were all shown as having been born in England. John and Mary Flynn had been married 5 years at the time of the census.
  22. The Irish Civil Registration Index records the death of a Mary Oakley (89) at Balrothery, Ireland, in the Oct-Dec quarter of 1929. Vol 2. Page 159. Entry unseen.

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